When independence was declared in 1962, the area reverted to Tutsi rule.
These animals are being threatened as development encroaches on their natural habitat, and the country has not established national park areas or sanctuaries where species are protected. The country also is experiencing deforestation and soil erosion because of overgrazing and the spread of farming. The population was estimated at 6,054,714 in 2000, with one of the highest population densities in Africa.
The Tutsi began to appear in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, migrating from the Nile region in present-day Sudan and Ethiopia south and west in search of new cattle pastures.
The Tutsi are tall, martial people, and while they never accounted for more than their current 15 percent of the population, they established economic and political control of the region, effectively subduing the Twa and the Hutu majority.
Burundi has to two distinct ethnic groups: the Hutu and the Tutsi.
While these cultures have coexisted in the area for centuries and now share a common language and many common cultural elements, they remain separate in terms of group identification. Burundi is a small landlocked country in east central Africa, bordering Rwanda, Tanzania, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
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Through much of the country's history, the majority (around 85 percent) of the people have been Hutu.